The Forming – Storming – Norming – Performing is a model of group development, first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965, who maintained that these phases are all necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face up to challenges, to tackle problems, to find solutions, to plan work, and to deliver results. This model has become the basis for subsequent models.

Each team is unique and has its own strengths and weaknesses. To really work together as a team the people need to get to know each other. Tuckman’s teamwork theory is working pretty well to show what phases a team should pass to be productive. It’s important the team moves on to reach the Performing phase. Some teams may need help to reach this phase as the get stuck in storming or norming phases.

For more details read Bruce Tuckman’s Teamwork Theory: Tuckman’s Stages of Group Development.

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